The environmental industry is a fast-growing industry in India having different domains like waste management, renewable energy, sustainability, recycling, environmental health safety, natural resources, environmental resource management, and many more. Currently, 30% – 70% of recyclable waste is recycled by Indian waste management industry. Treating any type of waste releases harmful contaminants into the air that contributes to air pollution.
AIR QUALITY PROBLEMS IN ENVIRONMENTAL INDUSTRY
Numerous natural phenomena along with anthropogenic (human) interventions add undesirable substances like dust, smoke, gases, etc. into the environment. Volcanic eruptions, dust storms, forest fires, and other natural occurrences contribute as much as transportation, industrialization, and energy generation. These substances, referred to as pollutants, are in various shapes, forms, and sizes. From being conspicuous to being nano-sized, the pollutants are deleterious to the environment. They alter the atmospheric chemistry, adversely impact the flora and fauna, and also have several long-term implications such as climate change.
These granular contaminants are so fine, that they can cause malfunctioning of various organs upon prolonged exposure. Thus, it is highly necessary to diminish their impact on the environment before it gets beyond repair. The entire human fraternity bears the onus, ethically and fundamentally, to quantify the direct/indirect impact of their actions on the surroundings. It is equally essential to assess the effect on the tangible and intangible environment and ameliorate it well in time. If you consider yourself an environmental crusader, you constantly require reliable data and statistics to back your statements, which are otherwise, mostly considered sentimentally driven or ambiguous.
Indoor Air Pollutants
People are present indoors mostly and indoor pollutants Particulate Matter (PM 10, PM 2.5, PM 1), Carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, total volatile compounds, formaldehyde, and ozone show severe health impacts.
Particulate Matter (dust)
Solid particles when mixed with liquid droplets lead to the formation of particulate matter. It is released from renovations, fires, and cooking on gas stoves. The size is very small compared to the tip of human hair. This much small size has the ability to enter the bloodstream and set deep down in the lungs.
It is colorless and released from activities like cooking, using blocked chimneys, kerosene gas stoves, etc. Inhaling carbon monoxide causes carbon monoxide poisoning in which CO binds with hemoglobin and forms carboxyhemoglobin leaving the body oxygen-deprived.
Carbon dioxide is exhaled by humans as a part of the respiration process. Too many people in a room with poor ventilation increase levels of CO2. The higher the level, the more discomfort is experienced by occupants. Symptoms like headache, dizziness, low productivity, restlessness, and nausea are also seen.
Total Volatile Compounds (tVOC)
The release of tVOCs regulates odor indoors. VOCs are released in the air by paints, aerosol sprays, moth repellents, cleansers & disinfectants, automotive products, etc., and have both short & long-term health impacts on human health.
Ozone can enter the human body and generate Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) due to oxidative injury. Many people have laser printers and air purifiers in their houses. These printers and purifiers have the ability to increase the concentration of ozone indoors.
It has a very strong smell, released from wood products, wallpapers, adhesives, disinfectants, etc in an indoor environment. HCHO is carcinogenic and its presence exceeding prescribed standards causes burning sensations in the eyes, nose & throat, attacks in asthmatic people, and even cancer.
AIR QUALITY SOLUTIONS FOR THE ENVIRONMENTAL INDUSTRY
Customers rely on Prana Air instruments that provide robust data for projects that aim to create a healthier and more facilitating environment. We have been able to garner the trust of some reputed names in the environmental industry. When our craft meets their system, it helps them meet and exceed expectations in terms of environmental integrity, quality, safety, and design. Organizations working with an objective of environmental remediation, especially those who are seeking air quality management as a part and parcel, use our data to monitor, plan, comply, formulate, assess, grow, and succeed.
Our benefactors also include environmental engineers and scientists who are on the front line of making a difference, for instance, universities, public sector units, government agencies, and community researchers. They utilize our products and services to study ambient and indoor air quality. They make use of the procured data to study the impact of pollution trends on the living population and the influence of airborne particles on human health and climate. Their research provides the concrete structure and evidence to shape standards and policies. Resultantly, our world gets well-equipped to combat-related disasters, and protect ecosystems and inhabiting communities.
Air Quality Monitor
- Helps you to know the quality of air present
- Installed with special sensors that continuously monitor the concentration of parameters like particulate matter, carbon dioxide, HCHO, tVOCs.
- Cost-effective and easily portable
- Monitors the key parameters in Real-time that are in sync with LEED, WELL, and ASHRAE
- Monitors PM10, PM2.5, PM1, CO2, TVOCs, HCHO, CO, temperature and humidity
- Based on Photocatalytic Oxidation which combines UV-C irradiation with a catalyst
- Removes the harmful biological contaminants such as bacteria, viruses, fungi & mold, and spores in a time span of fewer than 24 hours.
- The efficiency rate of 99.99%
- Capable to kill SARS-COV-2 virus through molecular dissociation. Molecular dissociation kills the pathogen at its genomic level and is an irreversible change
Fresh Air Machine
- Gives clean and fresh air
- Filter pollutants in indoor environment.
- Contains Carbon layer and HEPA filters
- Reduces regulation of bad air
- Increases fresh air regulation
- 200 m3/h of Clean Air Delivery Rate (CADR) for formaldehyde
- 334 m3/h of Clean Air Delivery Rate (CADR) for particulate matter
- Covering area of 24-41m2
- 05% filtration rate for PM 2.5, bacteria and virus
Outdoor Air Pollutants
The pollutants in outdoor air deteriorate environmental health. It can impact human health. Particulate Matter, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, ozone, ammonia, and hydrogen sulfides are outdoor pollutants.
Particulate Matter (dust)
It is released from industrial emissions, vehicles, combustion processes, construction, agricultural activities, stubble burning, and even firecrackers. High levels of PM can cause asthma, cancer, infertility, and even damage the human respiratory system. It also hinders the photosynthesis of plants.
It is released from volcanic eruptions, vehicular emissions, forest fires, combustion of fuels, industries, etc. Carbon monoxide causes fatigue, dizziness, flu, nausea, chest pain, carbon monoxide poisoning, coma, and death.
It is a gaseous pollutant having a pungent odor released from fossil fuel burning, combustion of diesel and petrol, refineries, volcanoes, etc. Nitrogen dioxide, when entered into the human body, leads to coughing, breathing difficulties, asthma, reduced birth weights, premature deaths, damage to the lungs, and increased risk of severe respiratory disorders.
It is released from the burning of fossil fuels, power plants, volcanoes, industrial emissions, vehicular emissions, etc. This gas has a burnt odor and is highly toxic. Inhaled sulfur dioxide causes asthma, breathing discomfort, visual impairment, heart diseases, inflammation of the respiratory tract, phlegm, etc. A high concentration of Sulfur dioxide in the environment leads to acid rain, and reduced plant growth. Acid rain also affects crops and agriculture activities.
Ozone is a gas that is used as a disinfectant but it also impacts human and environmental health. Ground-level ozone forms smog. The sources of ground-level ozone are industrial boilers, vehicular emissions, refineries, power plants, etc. Ozone causes emphysema, scratchy throat, breathing discomfort, and irritation in the eyes, nose, and throat.
The gas smells of rotten eggs released from sewage treatment plants, landfills, oil refineries, and other industrial activities. The gas causes AC gas leakage, forms sulfhydric acid, and corrodes metallic items. Inhalation of this toxic gas causes dizziness, irritation in the airways, headache, shock, coma, and even death.
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